The Indian culture and history is full of prosperity and richness. It has had a great impact on the development of the society. The Indian history is the classic in the world history and it can be described well in the words of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the bunch of contradictions that are held strongly but the threads are not visible. Known as the home to the Indus Valley civilization and it was a region of huge empires and historic trade routes. Over the past thousand years the subcontinent is recognized for its cultural wealth and commercial. The four most important and major religions of world such as Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism originated here. Whereas, the Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Islam and Judaism were invented in the first millennium AD and it merged with the region's diverse culture.
In the year 1947, India became a modern nation after the years of struggle for independence. The independence of the country was marked by the well known nonviolent fight. The Indian history can be divided into four important sections; Ancient era, medieval era, Modern era and Post independence era.
The Stone Age: It began around 500,000 to 200,000 years ago. In the Northwestern part of the nation, tools were discovered that were made by the proto-humans dated back two million years.
The Bronze Age: It began around 3300 BCE along with Indus Valley Civilization. People of this era invented new techniques in metallurgy, produced copper, lead, and handicraft, tin and bronze.
Mahajanapadas: This was the second important period that faced the rise in urbanization in India. The word Mahajanapadas consists of two words that is 'maha' which means great and 'janapadas' means at the foothold of the ethnic group.
The Mughal Empire: In the year 1526, the successor of Gengis Kahn and Timur from Uzbekistan swept across Khyber Pass and it established the Mughal Empire. It covered the modern day India, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Till 1600, the Mughal Empire ruled the major parts of the Indian subcontinent.
Colonial Era: the European rulers such as France, Portugal, Netherlands and the United Kingdom after the 16th century established their trading posts in India. After all this all the powers took advantage of the internal conflicts and it led to the establishment of the colonies in India.
The British Rule: the Bristish started ruling in India with the entrance of the British East India Company in the year 1600. They ruled the country till 1947.
Mahatma Gandhi and The Independence Movement for Indian: Mahatma Gandhi, in the 20th century guided millions of people in the national campaign. After the movement independence was acquired.
Independence and Partition:
Post independence the religious tension between the Hindus and Muslims started heating up even more especially in Bengal and Punjab. The Muslims at time were in minority and that was the reasons that made them feel insecure. During all this tension Mahatma Gandhi called for unity among the tow religious groups. The economy of the British has totally broke down after the World War II and they made a decision to leave India. Later they participated in the making of the interim government. British Indian territories gained freedom in the year 1947 after it was partitioned into the Dominion of Pakistan and Union of India.